Football Training Guide: The Importance of Hydration

Football Training Guide: The Importance of Hydration

Topics such as improving a footballers diet or football training are often given, quite rightly, a lot of focus when it comes to maximizing performance out on the pitch. However, one vital area that is often overlooked in football today is the importance of good hydration practices.

Numerous studies from across the globe, have identified to vital nature of being hydrated before, during and after a game, with the practices of previous generations being quickly forgotten, such as the stories of hip flasks in changing rooms during games and pints in the local pubs with fans after. 

So how much do you need to be drinking?
It is recommended that you drink about 40ml of fluid per kg of body mass. This means that a 75kg/ 12 stone  person would require 3 litres of fluid per day. Now if you factor the average person loses 1.1 litres of fluid in sweat during a 90 minute game, it's quite surprising to think how much fluid you actually need to take on board on a matchday and how easy it is to become dehydrated.
A good test to make sure you're well hydrated is to check your urine on the urine colour chart is 4 or under, but you should aim for it to be as clear as possible.
What is Dehydration?

Dehydration is when body fluid levels drop below the optimal range. This can result in reduced aerobic capacity, power, cognitive function, impaired management of body temperature and increased heart rate and lethargy levels. 

Whilst most of us know the impacts that dehydration can have on our body, fewer know that studies have shown that dehydration negatively impacts football performance. Whilst the impact on physical output is an obvious correlation, it has also been found that dehydration can negatively impact technical elements like your dribbling ability, passing accuracy and decision making.

So Should I Just Drink Lots of Water?
Consuming water only will replace the fluid lost in sweat, but it would not replace the electrolytes and thus may not be the optimal drink to consume to maximise or maintain performance.
We also know that carbohydrate intake of 30 – 60 grams per hour can be of great benefit to various aspects of football performance including fuelling intense actions such as sprints and jumps, maximising skill performance such as passing and shooting, and optimising cognitive functions such as decision making and focus. 
While water maybe sufficient in training of low to moderate intensity, that lasts less than an hour, intense training over an hour or game play will most certainly require an electrolyte or carbohydrate-electrolyte drink such as Hydrate90®.
How Can You Optimise Your Hydration On Matchdays?
@soccersupplement How do the pros stay hydrated on matchdays? 👀☝️#UpYourGame #football #footballtraining #footballtiktok #fyp ♬ original sound - soccersupplement
  • Drink 500 ml of water upon waking to start the rehydration process quickly. 

  • Consume enough fluid each day to create clear urine consistently, that is roughly 2-3L each day (depending on body weight). 

  • Consume 1L of water or hydration drink per hour of exercise. 

  • Monitor body weight before and after exercise and consume 150% of body mass loss in ml of water. 

  • To rehydrate, consume fluids that provide carbohydrate and electrolytes, such as Hydrate90®, or also include protein such as Recover90®. Fluids with other nutrients or sodium can increase fluid retention.

  • Try to consume the required volume of fluid within 5-hours of completing competition. 

More Information

To find out more on how to train like the pros, download our FREE four week football training guide HERE, and to learn how to provide your body with the necessary fuel to maximise your gains, you can download our FREE nutrition guide HERE.